UMARA HONEY (HADRAMY YAMANY)
The properties and advantages of the natural princes honey (Yemeni Sidr honey)
It is one of the most distinguished types of honey in the world for its therapeutic properties and is used to eliminate many diseases because it contains a high percentage of antioxidants compared to other types of honey, because its electrical conductivity is higher, reaching 0.8 units, and this is evidence of the presence of minerals in it significantly, as well as Its pH value is higher than the rest of honey and is close to neutral. Sidr honey is the honey produced from the nectar of the flowers of the Sidr tree.
Raw Sidr honey is distinguished by being without antibiotic or pesticide residues and has a high enzyme content that is preserved upon treatment. It is a honey that has a distinct flavor, aroma, and innumerable healing properties.
FEATURES OF SIDR HONEY
Sidr honey is produced by bees who only feed on the nectar of Sidr trees, one of the oldest trees that mentioned in the Holiy Quran. Sider honey is considered one of the finest honey and it’s been known for healing benefits since ancient time. The herbalists preferred it for curing diseases and promoting health because it gives better results comparing with other types of honey. Sidr honey has many variants, each has different features and specifications, all of which captured the attention of researchers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who have conducted several experiments on samples of honey from all over the world (available in Saudi market). They found that Sidr honey contains a high proportion of minirals.
Sidr honey is characterized by golden light color, it darkens and turns to redness over time. While fresh and newly produced, it reminds you the same aromatic smell of Sidr tree in the month of October, the season when Sidr tree is flowering. Sidr honey is different from one region to another, so the taste, color, aroma and density. All variants share the exquisite taste, splendid aroma and all of them are very expensive. In Saudi Arabia, Sidr trees are found in areas close to Yemen, where the Kingdom of Seba used to be”the home of Sidr which is mentioned in the Holy Quran verse 16 of Sura Saba, “and something of few Sidr”. Each valley of Yemen has story to tell about Sidr.
Among the most famous areas in Yemen for producing Sidr honey are Doan in Hadramout, Gardan, Bayhan in Shabwa. In all these areas honey bees feed themselves exclusively on the nectar from the Sidr trees. Like other types of honey, Sidr honey needs good care through all stages starting from production to packaging, testing of samples and storage. Honey is very sensitive and it change at the lowest degree of temperature, any mistake while processing might turns it into harmful material instead of being healthy.
The health and therapeutic benefits of Sidr honey
- Removes stomach hyperacidity
- It strengthens memory
- Helps fetal growth for pregnant women
- To stimulate reproductive system function and it is sexual tonic
- Stimulate immunity, good for chest and stomach infections
- To strengthen the bones
- Rich with nutrients needed for anemia
- It strengthens the nerves
Some researches took place in Egypt had shown higher percentage of antioxidants in Sidr honey comparing with other types of honey. Sidr trees in Egypt are in Sina and other areas, and when our General Manager visited the Valley of Tur Mountain in Sina, he received Sidr honey as a gift from beekeepers there.
According to tests carried out by the laboratory technician Zabihullah Ahmed Reda at (Mujeza Al Shifaa in Kuwait – quality control department) Sidr honey doesn’t change when exposed to heat, whether low, medium or high and even at the temperature of 80° C degree, except that little thing, which is negligible in terms of both sugars diverse it contains or enzymes that change rate in other types of honey very quickly even when exposed to low temperatures, as well as the HMF (an indicator of the adulteration of honey with invert syrups -syrups of glucose and fructose), did not rise in Sidr honey except for two degrees or three degrees, while it rose in the other types of honey and reached up to 30 and even 50 degrees (in ppm) at temperature of 70-80 ° C within half an hour. Also a sample of an old Sidr honey stored in sealed glass for 10 years is examined in the same laboratory, it shows no changes in the chemical composition, quality specifications and the percentage of HMF didn’t increase.
When the director of the company and founder asked the Director and Technician of the laboratory of quality in Kuwait about his experiences and observations over the past years about the types of honey entering the country, he told us that he found this type (means Sidr honey) is the finest honey and completely comply with the required standards and specifications. Several laboratory examinations were done on Sidr honey at Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (a governmental research foundation with high potential and high-tech devices) it has confirmed the quality of Sidr honey.
In a recent study by researcher Dr. Aman Ahmed Mohammed Zubair from the University of “UCSI” in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia supervised by Dr. Patrick Oukichacoa, demonstrated the effectiveness of Sidr honey in treating inflammation, reducing excessive fever and stabilize activity of the body’s cells and protect against injury and relieve pain. The study, conducted on (rats) showed that, the pharmacological effect of Sidr honey is higher than aspirin and indomethacin (an antipyretics and pain relievers).
Researches are still underway to determine the pharmacological mechanism of Sidr honey and its effectiveness for treating other diseases, The study is the first scientific document published internationally.
The study was published in the magazine (World Academy of Medical Sciences, Engineering and Technology) and high court . Also the research was discussed in a conference held in France – Paris Augustus 2011, and Britain – London Dec, 2011. It is worth mentioning that the researcher was a girl student from Yemen studying Medical genetics and biotechnology in Malaysia. She’s a member of the American Society for Pharmacology and therapeutics, and a member of the British pharmaceuticals society.
Despite these obvious facts, Sidr trees is still surrounded with a lot of ambiguity in the Arab culture, it says that Sidr honey is been used in magic and sorcery along with others treatment uses. Hundreds years ago, Sidr honey was given as a gift to kings, princes to express appreciation and loyalty. In other cultures, we found that old Indian used Sidr honey to solve eyes’ problems and clear vision. In Western culture, Sidr trees is sacred among Christians.
The Arab Beekeepers Union, during its sixth international conference, revealed a research conducted at the Faculty of Medicine – University of Aden with the aim of studying the effect of four types of Yemeni honey: Sidr, Sumor, Qasas, and Almarai for the treatment of abscesses in the breast and buttocks.
The results indicated that there were vital statistical differences (0.01) between the effect of the types of honey used in the dressing period until full recovery. The period was shorter when using Sidr honey, where the average treatment period was 8 days, followed by Sumor honey, and the average treatment period was 9.75 days. While the treatment period with Qasas honey was 10.5 days. As for the treatment period with Almarai honey, it was the longest, as it was 13.25 days. The results showed that there were no significant statistical differences in the treatment period when using the types of honey: Sidr, Sumor, and Al-Qasas in treating breast abscesses. The period of dressing until full recovery was 11.00, 8.33, 8.33 days, respectively.
The Union of Arab Beekeepers also revealed, during its sixth international conference, another research conducted by the Plant Protection Department at the Faculty of Agriculture – Sana’a University, with the aim of knowing the effect of six types of Yemeni honey, namely, Salm, Sidr Wasabi, Sidr Doani, Flowers, Pasture Do’ani, Sumor and another Australian commercial with five Concentrations (.5%, 1%, 5%, 10%, 20%) against the bacterial growth of Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, aurogenosa, Proteus, and the results indicated that Salam, Flowers, and Pasture Honey were the best. Influence on the tested bacteria, Sidr Wasaby honey comes in second place in terms of the selected antibacterial effect. While Sidr Doani honey and Alsalm honey came in third place. Commercial honey was shown to encourage bacterial growth. The results showed that the best concentrations affecting the growth of the tested bacteria for collecting honey species were 20%, followed by 10%. Marai Doaani honey was distinguished by its anti-growth ability of bacteria aurogenosa, E.coli, Pseudomonas at all concentrations, and showed low anti-growth of Staphylococcus aureus at concentrations 5%, 10%, 20%. Sidr Doaani honey is superior to all types of honey in its anti-bacterial effect, with high vitality at 20% concentration. Low concentrations of 0.5%, 1%, and 5% of most honeys were shown to encourage growth of the tested bacteria similar to or higher than the control.
Key words: honey, antibacterial, pathogenic bacteria and Yemen.
Method of determination of honey pollen and geographical source of honey:
- Each type of honey has special physical characteristics known to beekeepers and experience people for testing honey only such as the color of honey, taste, flavor and smell, which is transmitted to honey from the flower. For example, the smell of Sidr honey reminds you of the same smell from the Sidr tree in the Sidr season during October and January (note that honey exposed to high heating loses the smell and flavor of honey
- Each type of honey have a special color from clear to white, yellow, red, brown, dark and black according to the flower and beekeepers knows easily. for measuring honey color there is a special device called colorimeter by unite (pfund).
- Each type of honey has its own electrical conductivity number, which measured by a special device in the laboratory called conductivity meter.
- The most important method that is used generally to determine the honey flower and the geographical location of honey is to determine the type, shape and number of pollen in honey by microscopy and matching with flower pollen around the world through Atlas pollen. It’s like the fingerprint of every honey.
examination of pollens of Sider tree under microscope
Here is a clarification of some of the necessary points related to what we have mentioned:
- Pollen sticks to the legs of bees when standing on the flowers to absorb the nectar then pollen Mixing with honey.
- Each flower has pollen different from other types of flowers in the shape depending on the region. For example, the shape of pollen for the flower of Manuka is different from the shape of pollen for the flower of Sidr honey or others.
- External pollen from different flower or area can not be added to honey to change the source of honey because the shape and size of pollen which are added to honey by bees are different because many changes and treatments and chemical additions by bees are applied, therefore bee pollen are completely different from the pollen added by humans hand and distinguished clearly under Microscope.
- Each drop of honey contains very high number of pollen, the least (10,000) and may reach 100,000. The honey which have more number of pollen have more benefits to human health.
- Consumers can observe pollen in honey on the surface of unfiltered honey or inside the honey as impurities or sediments.
- Commercial companies work on the process of cleaning and filtering honey from pollen because it helps to speed up the crystallization of honey and this process makes their product shiny, beautiful, desirable and attractive to the consumer, but this kind of honey have low benefits for human health.
- US honey is completely free of pollen because they consider pollen are foreign on the honey and must be filtered. European honey contains some pollen because European standard of honey not allow removing pollen from honey. Honey is also found in beekeepers with very high amounts of pollen so honey crystallizes quickly.
- one honey jar or one drop of honey have hundreds types of pollen, but honey is called by the flower name which have highest number of pollen inside that honey as “clover honey” means that the pollen of clover’s flower has the highest number for other pollen.
How to check honey at home?
- See thoroughly a closer look of honey because natural honey contains impurities, either on the surface or inside the honey packaging, while the abnormal is very transparent, such as glass so as not to obscure the vision from behind the package.
- Smell honey The honey smell may be permeable or weak, which is the smell of flowers and fields, which produced honey by bees, while honey unnatural or unhelpful has no smell at all.
- Taste honey, natural honey has a flavor, which is the flavor of flowers and plants, while unnatural honey is just sweetness, meaning sweet like sugar syrup without any special taste.
- Eat honey, if it was natural, then it relaxes your stomach and you do not feel any discomfort in the stomach, but if the honey is not natural, you will feel a burning sensation in the stomach that does not fade away except by drinking water several times throughout the day.
HOW TO EAT HONEY?
2 SPOONS DAILY
|Company Name||Mujezat Al-Shifa||Date Received||01/09/2021|
|Product Name||Umaraa Sider Yemeny Honey
|Methodology||HPLC(UV-IR ), UV Spectrophotometer|
|Pure Yemey honey
|No||Parameters||Observation||CODEX STD 12-19811||Remarks|
|1||Physical Properties||-Not have any foreign taste rather its natural sweetness.
-Honey chunks not contain bee’s eggs or larvae.
-Not contain any artificial sweetener.
-Not be altered due to over heating or fermentation.
– Free from impurities.
-free from food additives.
-Acidity not artificially change
|-Shall not have any other foreign taste rather its natural taste.
– Honey chunks not contain
-Shall not contain any artificial sweetener bee’s eggs or larvae.
-Shall not be altered due to over heating or fermentation
– Free from impurities.
-free from food additives.
-Acidity not artificially change
|2||Color Designation||Light Amber||O.D at 560nm= 0.421mAU|
|4||Electrical Conductivity||0.79mScm-1||Less than 0.8mScm-1||Acceptable|
|5||Specific Rotation 1||Polarized light to left||Polarized light to left||Acceptable|
- Chemical Tests
|Parameter||Observation||CODEX STD 12-19811||Test Method
|Hydoxy Methyl Furfural
|1.6mg/kg||Not more than 80 mg/kg
AS GSO 147(2007)
|Moisture(water)%||17.0%||Not more than 20%||MAFF Validated
|3.8%||Not more than 5%||HPLC R.I||Acceptable|
|Invert sugar%||More than 60.0%||More than 60%||HPLC R.I||Acceptable|
|26.0||Not less than 8||AOAC 958.09 RT||Acceptable|
|Water activity 1
Water activity 2
Water activity 3
Water activity 4
Water activity 5
|Not more than 0.1g/100g||MAFF Validated
|Should be absent||Randox test – ELISA||Acceptable
- MICROBIOLOGICAL TESTS
|No||INVESTIGATION||OBSERVATION||CODEX STD 12-19811||REMARKS||TOTAL UNCERTAINITY FOR THE METHOD||METHOD USED
|1||Yeast and mold||0||Std-103||Acceptable||0.000422||Campden 6.1:1994|
Analyst -Mrs. Dhanuja chittil Approved by lab Manager: Mr. Yaser Megahed